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In a nutshell, Combat Controllers (CCTs) manage the airspace around an area of operations (AO), calling in airstrikes and the such, ensuring that the pilots know where they and the team they are attached to are located at all times (to avoid the pilots dropping an AGM on their own guys, civillians, etc.). They’re basically a much more elite version of a Joint Terminal Attack Controller (JTAC). Now, I may be wrong, but CCTs usually act as an auxiliary force attached to a larger one who take care of the airstrike/air domination aspect of an operation.
I’m from Australia so any Australian readers might be interested to know that the RAAF has an equivalent which are also called…you guess it..CCTs. [Here’s](http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jGhPpPhKq44) a cool little video on what the RAAF CCTs do.
In relation to your second question, I would say they all have seen a lot of shit. These guys are puh-retty rough. No 2CDO though 😛
**tl;dr**: Elite JTACs. Auxiliary unit. Total badasses.